Beginning in 1914, a new series of high denomination definitive Swiss Stamps were issued, and they depict the three most cherished landmarks of Switzerland and the Swiss people.
All of these stamps were printed on white paper, of excellent quality, that was watermarked with multiple Swiss Crosses.
The watermark impressions are very strong on these issues, and one
must be careful when examining them. What may appear to be a dark spot
in the paper, revealing a "thin" spot, may NOT ACTUALLY BE A THIN SPOT,
but THE SHADED AREA OF ONE OF THE WATERMARK IMPRESSIONS. Frequently
these watermark impressions can be clearly seen through the front of the
paper and the stamp design, as is evident on some of the mint examples
from my collection that are used on this page.
"Die Mythen" are a group of three mountains in the center of the Schwyz Canton of Central Switzerland. The town of Schwyz, which is the capitol of the canton, is located in a valley below Die Mythen. The larger two of the peaks are know as "Grosser Mythen" (6,230 ft.) and "Kleiner Mythen" (5,942 ft.). The name "Mythen" was originally taken from the Latin word "meta" (feminine case) meaning "soaring".
The mountains are said to have been created millions of years ago, by a "thrust fault", when the Alps were first being formed. This is evident in the fact that these three peaks have the visual effect of seeming to jut straight up in the air out of an otherwise "flat" landscape.
Schwyz is one
of the founding cantons of Switzerland, and the Swiss flag is based on
the coat of arms of Schwyz. On August 1, 1291, Schwyz, along with the
cantons of Uri and Unterwalden, all bordering Lake Lucerne, signed a
charter, joining together to form the Swiss Confederation. The 1291
Charter is located in the Federal Archives in Schwyz today. Schwyz took
the lead in the new confederation, and the new country took its name as
"Schweiz", the German language name of Switzerland.
The first of the new pictorial Swiss Stamps, in denominations of 3 Fr. (blue green), 5 Fr. (dark ultramarine), and 10 Fr. (dark violet), were issued in July 1914.
The 3 Fr. blue green is shown above left (Zu. #129, Mi. #121, Sc. #181). The design features The Mythen, with the towns of Schwyz and Brunnen in the foreground.
interesting bit of symbolism is going on at the sides of the 3 Fr.
stamp design. At the sides of these 3 Fr. Swiss stamps are fasces, but
these symbols of the magistrates of Roman Imperial times do not have an
axe-head at the top. Earlier, during the Roman Republic, the blade was
always removed when the fasces were being carried inside of a city. This act symbolized the rights of citizens against arbitrary state power!
The 3 Fr. stamp was reissued in February 1918 with the same design, but the new stamps were printed in carmine, instead of blue green, as shown above at the right (Zu. #142, Mi. #142, Sc. #182).
During their four years of use, the blue green stamps were widely used but few mint copies must have been saved. Used examples are relatively affordable, but the mint stamps are scarce and very expensive.
The carmine 3 Fr. Swiss stamps continued in use until 1928, when they were replaced by new 3 Fr. stamps of a similar design. Mint and used examples of the carmine stamps are common and easily affordable.
The Rütli is a mountain meadow on Lake Lucerne in the Swiss canton of Uri. It was here that the legendary oath was taken by the cantonal leaders of Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden to affirm the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The "Oath on
the Rütli" is believed to have happened in November 1307, though the
year was moved to 1291 in the 1940's, so it would coincide with the
anniversary of the National Charter.
The Oath on the Rütli is now celebrated as part of Swiss National Day on August 1. Every year, festivities take place at the Rütli, where the oath is re-enacted and important dignitaries give speeches.
The 5 Fr. denomination stamp, shown above (Zu. #130, Mi. #122, Sc. #183), shows a panoramic view of Lake Lucerne, with the mountains beyond.
to the catalogs, this stamp supposedly depicts "The Rütli (Meadow)", as
is shown in the photograph in the last section. I would dare anyone to
try and find that meadow, which in the view on this stamp, would be on
the mountainside on the other side of the lake. It's not there.
Anyway, this one is called "The Rütli".
The Jungfrau (13,642 ft.), or The Maiden, in German, is one of the main summits of the Bernese Alps. It is situated between the cantons of Valais and Bern. Along with two other mountains, the Jungfrau forms a massive wall overlooking the Bernese highlands, and it is considered one of the most impressive sights of the Swiss Alps. Along with the Aletsch Glacier on the South, the Jungfrau is part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area, and it is a World Heritage site.
on the mountain is accessible by the Jungfraujoch railway, which was
constructed early in the 20th Century. The Jungfraujoch railway
station, at 11,388 feet, is the highest railway station in Europe. In
tourism brochures, the Jungfraujoch railway station is called the "Top
The highest denomination of the new pictorial Swiss Stamps, the 10 Fr. (violet), is shown above at the left (Zu. #131, Mi. #123, Sc. #184). The design features a panoramic view of the Jungfrau (mountain). Just in case the viewer doesn't know the name of the mountain, the designers also added a Swiss maiden (jungfrau) at the left side of the design. Her right hand holds a sword, and her left hand rests on a shield, emblazoned with the Swiss coat of arms -- the usual female representation of "Helvetia".
The 10 Fr. Swiss stamps were reissued in 1930 with the same design, but the new Swiss stamps were printed in gray green instead of violet, as shown above at the right (Zu. #179, Mi. #228, Sc. #185).
The scarcity of the two 10 Fr. Swiss stamps is the opposite of the two 3 Fr. Swiss stamps, described at the beginning of this page. The violet 10 Fr. stamp is the more affordable one, and the green 10 Fr. stamp is the scarcer and pricier one. The violet stamp was in use for 16 years, whereas the green stamp was only in use about 8 years, before it was replaced.
thing to consider ... In 1930, the World was in the grip of the Great
Depression. 10 Swiss Francs was a LOT of money to most people. This
would be equivalent to about a $5.00 U.S. stamp of the time. In the
Swiss currency, 10 Francs was a "gold" coin. These were printed in
sheets of 25 stamps, which would have been a 250 Swiss Francs cost to a
collector or dealer at the time. During the Great Depression, this
would have been a SUBSTANTIAL FORTUNE, so it is not hard to rationalize
why both the mint and used green 10 Fr. stamps would be so scarce and
In 1931, the pictorial 3 Fr. definitive Swiss stamps, issued in 1914 and 1918, were replaced by a more modernistic looking 3 Fr. definitive stamp. The new 3 Fr. stamp, shown above (Zu. #177, Mi. #226, Sc. #209), still featured The Mythen, but the overall design is very different from the previous issues.
In 1928, the 5 Fr. pictorial definitive Swiss stamps were completely re-engraved, as shown in the image above (Zu. #178, Mi. #227, Sc. #206). These new re-engraved stamps were printed in blue, and the vignettes are much nicer looking than those of the somewhat smudgy looking dark ultramarine stamps of the 1914 issue.
the re-engraved stamps, the picture and frame are much lighter and
"HELVETIA" is in smaller letters. The designer's name, under the lower
frame line on the right, is also different from the name on the 1914
In 1938, the 3 Fr., 5 Fr., and 10 Fr. Swiss stamps, issued between 1914 and 1931, were replaced by a new modernistic looking series of high denomination definitive stamps that featured patriotic themes.
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High Value Pictorial Definitives of 1914-1931