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Federal Republic of Germany

Commemoratives of 1951

The Federal Republic of Germany issued the two charity stamps shown above (Mi. #139-40, Sc. #B316-17) on August 30, 1951 to celebrate the 700th Anniversary of the Lutheran Marienkirche in Lübeck.  These stamps were perforated 14 and watermarked multiple D P.  The designs of the stamps depict frescoes from the church.  The surtax aided in the reconstruction of the Marienkirche which was heavily damaged by Allied bombing during World War II.

The Gothic Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church), shown in a recent photograph at the left, was constructed between 1250 and 1350, and it stood for centuries as a monument to the power and prosperity of the old Hanseatic city of Lübeck.  The Marienkirche of Lübeck is the third largest church in Germany.

The two charity stamps shown above (Mi. #141-42, Sc. #B318-19) were issued September 14, 1951, to publicize the National Philatelic Exposition in Wuppertal.  The designs feature old German stamps beneath a magnifying glass.  These stamps were perforated 14 and watermarked B P and zigzag lines.

The Federal Republic of Germany issued the four charity stamps shown above (Mi. #143-46, Sc. #B320-23) on October 23, 1951. These stamps were engraved, perforated 14, and are wartermarked multiple B P and zigzag lines.  The surcharges on these issues went to aid public charities.

The 1951 issues depict famous people associated with charity.  They are as follows.

  • 04 Pf. + 02 Pf. - St. Vincent de Paul (1581-1660).  He was a French born Catholic priest who dedicated his life to helping the poor.
  • 10 Pf. + 03 Pf. - Friedrich von Bodelschwingh (1831-1910).  He was a German theologian and public health advocate and the founder of the Bethel Institute.
  • 20 Pf. + 5 Pf. -Elsa Brandstrom  (1888-1948).  She was a Swedish nurse and philanthropist.  As a nurse in the Russian army, she was originally called The Angel of Siberia for her work with German and Austrian POW's during World War I.  She married and settled in Germany, then immigrated to the USA in 1939, continuing her charitable work for German POW's during World War II.  Because of her commitment to POWs, she became famous as a “patron saint” for soldiers. In Germany and Austria, many streets, schools, and institutions have been named after her.
  • 30 Pf. + 10 Pf. - Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827).  He was a Swiss educator and social reformer.

The stamp shown above (Mi. #147, Sc. #686) was issued on December 10, 1951 to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Physics to Wilhelm K. Röntgen

The central design of the stamp features the profile head of Wilhelm K. Röntgen (1845-1923).  He was a German physicist, who, on November 8, 1895,  produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelink  known today as "X-rays" or "Röntgen rays".  For this accomplishment, he was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.

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Federal Republic of Germany - Issues of 1951