Republic of Germany stamps issued during 1959 featured
commemorative postage stamps and surtaxed pictorial stamps for charity.
The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the left (Mi. #307, Sc. #798), was issued on March 6, 1959 to celebrate the 500th Anniversary of the Birth of the German banker Jakob Fugger (1459-1525).
The 40 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the right (Mi. #309, Sc. #800), was issued on May 6, 1959 to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Death of Alexander von Humboldt.
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) was a Prussian geographer, naturalist, and explorer. Humboldt's quantitative work on botanical geography laid the foundation for the field of biogeography.
The two surtaxed Germany stamps shown above (Mi. #310-11, Sc. #B366-67) were issued on May 22, 1959 to publicize the International Postage Stamp Exhibition, INTERPOSTA, in Hamburg, and to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Postage Stamps of Hamburg and Lübeck.
The surtax provided for Vacations for the Children of Berlin.
There were two printings of these stamps, the first on May 22, 1959 and the second on August 22, 1959. The colors of the inscriptions are slightly different between the two printings.
The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the left (Mi. #312, Sc. #801), was issued on June 20, 1959 to celebrate the 1,000th Anniversary of the town of Buxtehude.
The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the right (Mi. #313, Sc. #802), was issued on July 18, 1959 to publicize the Exhibition of the Holy Robe of Trier.
The most valuable relic in the Cathedral of Trier is the Holy Robe, the tunic of Jesus Christ. Helena (246-330), the mother of Constantine the Great (272-337), is said to have discovered the robe in the Holy Land in 327. Before her death, she had it sent to Constantine in Trier, where he was living at the time.
The Federal Republic of Germany souvenir sheet shown above (Mi. #315-19 (Block 2), Sc. #804) was issued on September 8, 1959 to celebrate the Dedication of the Beethoven Hall (concert hall) in Bonn. The actual size of the souvenir sheet is 148 mm x 104 mm. The background of the souvenir sheet shows the detail of one of Beethoven's hand-written scores.
The souvenir sheet contains five Germany stamps honoring classical composers. They are as follows:
The two stamps shown above (Mi. #320-21, Sc. #805-06) were issued on September 19, 1959 to celebrate EUROPA (United Europe).
The four surtaxed Republic of Germany stamps shown above (Mi. #322-25, Sc. #B368-71) were issued on October 1, 1959. These were the first in an on-going annual series of surtaxed postage stamps for Public Welfare, featuring scenes from various Fairy Tales by the Brother's Grimm.
These designs feature scenes from the Fairy Tale, "Star Dollars", by the Brothers Grimm. The descriptions are as follows:
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The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above (Mi. #308, Sc. #799) was issued on March 28, 1959 to commemorate the 400th Anniversary of the Death of German mathematician Adam Riese (1492-1559).
The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above (Mi. #314, Sc. #803) was issued on August 12, 1959 to celebrate German Evangelical Church Day and to publicize the Meeting of German Evangelical Protestants at Munich during August.