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Poland - 1944

The Generalgouvernment of Poland, issued the four high-denomination definitive stamps shown above (Mi. #113-16, Sc. #N100-03) between October 1943 and November 1944.

The October 1943 issues are shown here, as this is treated as a complete set of definitive stamps in most of the catalogs.

These four beautifully engraved definitive postage stamps depict .....

  • 02 Z. - Rondel and St. Florian's Gate in Krakow.   St. Florian's Gate is one of the best-known Polish Gothic towers, and a focal point of Krakow's Old Town. It was built about the 14th century as a rectangular tower of, and it was part of the city fortifications for defense against Turkish attack.
  • 04 Z. -Tyniec Monastery, Vistula River.  Tyniec, a historic village on the Vistula River in Poland, is now part of the city of Krakow.  It is notable for its famous Benedictine abbey, founded by King Casimir the Restorer in 1044.
  • 06 Z. - View of Lwow (German: Lemberg).  The historic city of Lwow was once the capital of the region of Galicia under the Polish and Hapsburg kingdoms.  Today, it is located within western Ukraine.
  • 10 Z. - Krakow Castle and City in the 15th Century.  Krakow is one of the oldest cities in Poland, dating back to the 7th Century.  During the NAZI occupation, Krakow was the capitol of the Generalgouvernment of Poland.

Krakow has traditionally been one of the leading centers of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life, and it is one of Poland's most important economic hubs.  In 1978, Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Krakow, became Pope John Paul II – the first Slavic pope ever, and the first non-Italian pope in 455 years.

The three stamps shown above (Mi. #117-19, Sc. #NB33-35) were issued on April 20, 1944 to celebrate the 55th Birthday of Adolph Hitler.

The designs feature a painting of Hitler by Willy Exner.

Marginal inscription strips of three of the
1944 Hitler birthday issue tied to piece with
First Day of Issue cancellations.

The set of five beautifully engraved surtaxed postage stamps shown above (Mi. #120-24, Sc. #NB36-40) were issued July 15, 1944.

They depict .....

  • 12 G. + 18 G. - Conrad Celtis (1459-1508).   Celtis was a German Renaissance humanist and neo-Latin poet.
  • 24 G. + 26 G. - Andreas Schluter (1664-1714).  Schluter was a German Baroque sculptor and architect.
  • 30 G. + 30 G. - Hans Boner (1463-1523).   Also known as Jan Boner, he was a German-born Polish merchant and banker. He was one of wealthiest people of his times in Europe.
  • 50 G. + 50 G. - Augustus II (1670-1733).  He was the Elector of Saxony, as Frederick Augustus I and became the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, as Augustus II the Strong.
  • 01 Z. + 01 Z. - Georg Gottlieb Pusch (1791-1846).  He was a noteworthy German-born Polish geologist.

The beautifully engraved surtaxed 10 Z. + 10 Z. high-denomination postage stamp shown above (Mi. #125, Sc. #NB41) was issued on October 26, 1944 to celebrate the 5th Anniversary of the Generalgouvernment of Poland.

The design features a Medieval drawing of Krakow Castle.

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Germany - German Occupations

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Generalgouvernment - Poland - 1944