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Freistadt Danzig

Issues of 1924-1929

For the Freistadt Danzig (Free City of Danzig), the period from 1924 to 1929 seems to have been a quiet time.  In researching its history online, little could be found for the period between the end of the hyperinflation of 1923 and the ascension to power by the NAZI party in 1933.

During this period of nearly 6 years, only 27 new stamps were issued, with most of them being definitive postage stamps or airpost stamps.

For the philatelist though, especially ones specializing in the definitive postage stamps of the Freistadt Danzig, this WAS an exciting time.  1924 saw the issue of a brand new series of definitive postage stamps, utilizing a design very similar to the Arms definitive series begun in 1921, that would continue into the next decade.  These new definitive stamps have many interesting types and varieties, with some of them being quite expensive.  These will be briefly explained in the text below.

The nine new definitive stamp denominations shown above were issued between January and March of 1924.  These stamps were printed on white paper of fine quality, utilizing the sideways webbing watermark, and they are all perforated 14.

The 5 Pf. on white paper also exists with an upright webbing watermark.  This variety is expensive.

The 5 Pf., 10 Pf., and 15 Pf. denominations were also issued in booklets, between 1925 and 1938, consisting of panes of six or ten stamps.  However the booklet panes are identical in appearance to similar margin blocks of the sheet stamps.  Thus, Michel only prices these stamps in unexploded booklets, and, as a result, they are tremendously expensive.

The 5 Pf., 10 Pf., 50 Pf., and 75 Pf. denominations were re-issued in about 1935 on a light yellowish paper.

White Paper / Light Yellowish Paper

The two 1924 denominations shown above were issued on white paper in 1934 and on yellowish paper in 1935.

These new varieties were issued in coils and feature syncopated perforations similar to those used by The Netherlands on their regular issue coil stamps of this period.

The normal coil orientation was vertical.  Horizontal pairs exist from the uncut sheets, as noted in the Michel Catalog, and they are very expensive. 

The new airpost stamps shown above were issued during June 1924.  The new designs feature a monoplane over a silhouetted view of the Freistadt Danzig (Free City of Danzig).

Oddly enough, the 10 Pf. low-value denomination is the most expensive stamp of this set in mint condition.  In used condition, the 2 1/2 Gulden is the most expensive of the stamps in this set.

The five high-denomination scenic definitive postage stamps shown above feature noteworthy monuments of the Freistadt Danzig.  They were issued between September and November of 1924.  They are engraved, perforated 14, and watermarked lozenges.

The used prices in the catalogs are for stamps with regular postal cancellations (circular date stamps).  These stamps, with parcel post cancels (cork stars), are worth only a fraction of the used catalog prices.

The designs are as follows:

  • 01 G. - Oliva Castle and Cathedral, which date from about the 12th Century.
  • 02 G. - Krantor and the Mottlau River.  The Krantor is the 14th Century city gate of Danzig, and is one of the main tourist attractions of the city.
  • 03 G. - View of Zoppot.  Zoppot is a seaside village near the city of Danzig, which dates from about the 10th Century.
  • 05 G. - St. Mary's Church in Danzig.  Begun in 1379, the church has been used over the centuries for both Catholic and Lutheran services.
  • 10 G. - Council Chamber on the Langenmarkt.  The Langenmarkt or Long Market, had long been a wealthy neighborhood of Danzig since the 17th Century.  The town hall is also located there.

Parcel Post Cancel

The two high-denomination scenic definitive postage stamps shown above were issued on January 1, 1925.  They are identical in denomination and design to the previous issue, however the border colors have been changed.

The two definitive postage stamps at the left side of the scan above were issued in August of 1925.  The 15 Pf. is in a different color than that of the original issue, and the 35 Pf. is a new denomination.  They are both printed on white paper.

The 15 Pf. was re-issued in 1935 on yellowish paper.

The new 3 Pf. denomination, shown above at the right, was issued on February 19, 1927, and it was printed on white paper.  The 3 Pf. was re-issued in 1935 on yellowish paper.

The three stamps shown above were issued on July 7, 1929.  They were issued to celebrate the International Philatelic Exhibition held in Danzig that year.  They sold for double face value, with the proceeds going to the exhibition.

The designs feature the Neptune fountain in the Langenmarkt.  Neptune was the Roman God of the Sea.

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Freistadt Danzig - Issues of 1924-1929