Bavarian stamps, for official use only, were first issued
during 1908. These official stamps, as with those of most other stamp
issuing countries, were not sold to the public, but they were provided
to government departments, for use on official mail.
The first official stamps of Bavaria were issued on January 1, 1908, for use by the Bavarian Railway Authorities. The stamps are shown in the scan above.
The current 3 Pf., 5 Pf., 10 Pf., 20 Pf., and 50 Pf. Bavarian stamps of the embossed arms design were utilized, with each being overprinted with a large "E". The "E" stood for "Eisenbahn" or "Railroad"
In 1912, the 3 Pf., 5 Pf., 10 Pf., 20 Pf., and 50 Pf. denominations of the current Prince Regent Luitpold definitive series were perforated with a large "E", for use by the railroad authorities. The stamps, shown in the scan above, were issued at the beginning of July.
As described in the section on the Luitpold definitive stamp issues of 1911, the 3 Pf., 5 Pf., 10 Pf. and 25 Pf. exist in Types II and IV, and the 20 Pf. and 50 Pf. exist in Types I, II, and IV.
With the accession of King Ludwig III, the 3 Pf., 5 Pf., 10 Pf. (shades), and 20 Pf. denominations of the King Ludwig III definitive set were also perforated with a large "E". These stamps, shown above, were issued in 1914 and 1915 and are all from the Peacetime Printings.
The 25 Pf. and 50 Pf. denominations also exist, perforated with a large "E", but they were never officially issued.
Between 1916 and 1917, the first set of official Bavarian stamps, specifically designed for governmental use, were issued. They are shown in the scans above. The first nine stamps were the original issue. The last five stamps were later additions.
These stamps were available for use by ALL government departments, not just the railroad authorities, as had been the previous official stamp issues.
In March of 1919, the new Bavarian People's Republic overprinted the previous official stamp issue with "Volkstaat / Bayern" or "People's State / Bavaria", as shown in the scans above.
With the brief existence of the People's Republic, used stamps from this set are very scarce. Most of the ones on the market are favor-canceled stamps.
In 1920, under the Republic of Bavaria, a new set of official postage stamps was issued, as shown above. Most of them are scarce to rare in used condition, and certified or authenticated examples should be purchased. Most of the used examples on the market are favor-canceled, and they sell for the same price as the mint stamps.
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