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Republic of Germany
Stamps

Commemoratives of 1954-1955

Republic of Germany stamps issued during 1954 and 1955 were primarily commemorative postage stamps and surtaxed pictorial stamps for charity.  A special commemorative issue during 1955 also celebrated the re-establishment of Lufthansa Airlines and the resumption of German domestic and international airline flights.


The 4 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the left, was issued on May 5, 1954 to commemorate the 500th Anniversary of the Gutenberg Bible.

The design is from a woodcut by Jost Amman (1539-1591), showing a 15th Century printer, using the Gutenberg printing press.

The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the right, was issued on June 5, 1954 to commemorate the 1,200th Anniversary of the Death of St. Boniface (675-754), the first Archbishop of Mainz and the Patron Saint of Germany.

The design features a sword and a Bishop's Miter.


The four surtaxed Republic of Germany stamps shown above were issued on December 28, 1954, with the surtax benefiting public charities.

Their descriptions are as follows:

  • 07 Pf. + 03 Pf. - Käthe Kollwitz (1867-1945).  She was a German painter, print maker, and sculptor, whose work offered a searing account of the human condition and of the horrors of war.
  • 10 Pf. + 05 Pf. - Lorenz Werthmann (1858-1921).  He was a German Catholic priest and the founder of the German CARITAS (charity) Association.
  • 20 Pf. + 10 Pf. - Johann Friedrich Oberlin (1740-1826).  He was a theologian and philanthropist from Strasbourg.  He is known for establishing schools for the itinerant and for establishing orphanages for the protection of children.
  • 40 Pf. + 10 Pf. - Bertha Pappenheim (1859-1936).  She was an Austrian-Jewish feminist and the founder of the League of Jewish Women.


The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the left, was issued on February 23, 1955 to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Death of Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855), the noted German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist.

The 40 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the right, was issued on May 9, 1955 to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Death of Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805), the German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright.


The four commemorative Republic of Germany stamps shown above, featuring the Lufthansa logo, were issued on March 31, 1955 to celebrate the post-war re-establishment of Lufthansa Airlines and the resumption of German domestic and international air travel.


The two Germany stamps shown above were issued on June 15, 1955 to publicize the Baden-Württemberg National Exhibition in Stuttgart.


The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on June 24, 1955 to encourage Scientific Research.


The two surtaxed stamps shown above were issued on September 14, 1955 to publicize the WESTROPA 1955 International Philatelic Exhibition in Düsseldorf.  The surtax benefited the Society of German Philatelists.

The two designs feature a magnifying glass and stamp tongs.


The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the left, was issued on October 5, 1955 to publicize the European Timetable Conference at Wiesbaden.

The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above, at the right, was issued on October 22, 1955 to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Birth of Adalbert Stifter (1805-1868), the Austrian poet.


The four surtaxed Republic of Germany stamps shown above were issued on November 15, 1955, with the surtax benefiting public charities.

Their descriptions are as follows:

  • 07 Pf. + 03 Pf. - Amalie Sieveking (1794-1859).  She was a philanthropist and a pioneer of modern social work in Germany.  She developed a sisterhood similar to the Daughters of Charity and was active in caring for the cholera victims in the great Hamburg epidemic of 1831.
  • 10 Pf. + 05 Pf. - Adolph Kolping (1813-1865).  He was a German Catholic priest and a leader in providing social support for young workers in German industrial cities.
  • 20 Pf. + 10 Pf. - Dr. Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843).  He was a German physician and the creator of Homeopathic Medicine.
  • 40 Pf. + 10 Pf. - Florence Nightingale (1820-1910).  She was an English social reformer and a pioneer of modern nursing.





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Germany Stamps - Commemoratives of 1954-1955





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The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on March 13, 1954 to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Births of Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) and Emil von Behring (1854-1917), German medical researchers and Nobel Prize winners.


The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on May 7, 1955 to commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Oskar von Miller (1855-1934).

He was a German engineer and the founder of the German Museums of Science and Technology in Munich.


The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on June 1, 1955 to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the German Motor-Bus Service.

The design features a motor-bus of 1906.


The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on August 2, 1955 to honor the 10th Anniversary of German Expatriation.


The 20 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on August 10, 1955 to honor Augsburg and to commemorate the 1,000th Anniversary of the Battle of Lechfeld.

It was the victory in the Battle of Lechfeld, in August 955, that King Otto I decisively halted the Hungarian (the Huns) incursions into Western Europe.  After the battle, the German lords proclaimed Otto their emperor.  Later, Otto went to Rome, where he was proclaimed the Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XII.


The 10 Pf. denomination stamp shown above was issued on October 24, 1955 to celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the United Nations.