German States stamps, prior to the German Unification, were issued by the individual Germanic Kingdoms, Duchies, Free-Cities, etc. The stamps for the British Protectorate of Heligoland are also included in this category.
Bavaria became the first state to issue postage stamps in 1849, and Saxony became the second state to issue postage stamps in 1850. The subsequent postage stamp issuing states were Baden, Bergedorf, Braunschweig, Bremen, Hamburg, Hannover, Heligoland, Lübek, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and Württemberg.
The House of Thurn and Taxis, while not a state, transported mail, and in 1852, they also began issuing their own postage stamps. Thurn and Taxis had existed, as a postal service for the European kingdoms, since 1497, when the Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I, commissioned Franz von Taxis to establish a postal service to carry official mail.
When the northern German states joined in the North German Confederation in 1868, they discontinued their own postal services and became part of the North German Postal District, or Norddeutscher Postbezirk, in German.
After the German unification and the establishment of the empire in 1871, imperial postage stamps were issued, for use in all but two of the former German states.
Bavaria and Württemberg retained their postal authorities after the German unification. Bavaria continued to issue postage and official stamps until 1920, and Württemberg continued to issue official stamps until 1923.
In order to provide my site visitors with excellent affiliated seller material and non-Scott-listed varieties, I have added links to the Germany eBay site to most of the link pages at the right.
Remember, when visiting the Germany site .... the prices are in EUROS, shipping may be a bit more expensive, and international orders may take longer to arrive. When viewing the lots, make sure "Versand nach Weltwiet" (ships worldwide) is specified in the sellers shipping information. A few German sellers only ship to clients in Germany or in the European Union.
The stamps of some of the smaller German states are scarce to rare, and in most cases, they are very high priced. With the expensive stamps and varieties, do not buy anything that isn't authenticated. German lot description / title words to look for are -- BPP Gepruft ( back of stamp signed or stamped by a BPP expert ), Attest ( the German abbreviation for the word meaning certificate of authenticity ), Falsch ( Fake or Forged ), and ND or Neudruck ( Reprint ).
The following links feature category-focused affiliated seller listings on various eBay sites worldwide. They may enable visitors to shop for and to buy specific items for the particular collecting subject they've just read about.
The affiliated eBay seller auction lots provided by eBay, Inc. are not the responsibility of the management of this website. On high priced material, make sure the lots you are buying are properly authenticated.
Remember that the lots on European eBay sites are priced in EUROS. Shipping charges may be more, and the lots may take longer to arrive. Also, make sure the foreign seller ships to your country, before bidding on or buying his lot.
Bavaria - A Brief History -- 1849-1920
Bavaria - Numeral Issues - 1849-1862
Bavaria - Embossed Arms Issues - 1867-1875
Bavaria - Embossed Arms Issues - 1876-1911
Bavaria - Luitpold Issues - 1911
Bavaria - Ludwig III Issues - 1914-1919
Bavaria - Socialist Republic - 1919
Bavaria - Republic - 1919-1920
Bavaria - Missing Overprint Varieties - 1919
Bavaria - Official Stamps - 1908-1920
Bavaria - Postage Due Stamps - 1862-1895
Hamburg - A Brief History
Hamburg - Issues of 1859
Hamburg - Issues of Early 1864
Hamburg - Issues of 1864-1865
Hamburg - Issues of 1866-1867
Helgoland - A Brief History to 1890
Helgoland - Philatelic Overview
Helgoland - Issues of 1867-1868
Helgoland - Issues of 1869-1873
Helgoland - Issues of 1875-1890
Helgoland - Arms and Numeral Issues
North German Confederation
Thurn and Taxis - A Brief History
Thurn and Taxis - Northern District
Thurn and Taxis - Southern District
Wurttemberg - A Brief History - 1851-1923
Wurttemberg - Numeral and Arms Issues
Wurttemberg - Numeral Issues - 1869-1900
Wurttemberg - Communal Officials - 1875-1918
Wurttemberg - Communal Officials - 1919-1923
Wurttemberg - State Officials - 1881-1918
Wurttemberg - State Officials - 1919-1920