The Freistadt Danzig (Free City of Danzig) has now been moved from the Germany - Plebis[cites] button bar category to its own Danzig button bar category on this website, due to the large number of link pages that will eventually appear in the third column at the right.
Some catalogs list the Free City / State of Danzig together with the other World War I League of
Nations plebiscite territories. No plebiscite was actually ever held in
Danzig or its surrounding geographic areas.
As decreed by the League of Nations in the Treaty of Versailles, this geographic region, formerly part of East Prussia in the German Empire, was to remain separated from Weimar Germany and from the new nation of Poland.
Following the end of the League of Nations / Allied administration of the territory, the Free City / State of Danzig was created, in order to give Poland sufficient access to its seaport, while recognizing that the population was overwhelmingly ethnic German. To achieve this end, the new Free City / State of Danzig entered into a binding customs union with Poland, allowing the two parties equal access to the seaport.
The Free City of Danzig actually included the major city of Danzig (Gdańsk), Zoppot (Sopot), Oliva (Oliwa), Tiegenhof (Nowy Dwór Gdański), Neuteich (Nowy Staw) and some 252 villages and 63 hamlets, covering a total area of 754 square miles.
During 1920, the current Germania and Representative Subject issues of Germany were overprinted in various formats for use in the Danzig area.
In 1921, the Freistadt Danzig was proclaimed, though it remained under League of Nations administration, with representatives of various Allied nations acting as the High Commissioner.
At that time, Danzig began issuing its own postage stamps, utilizing the German language and monetary values. The Free City continued to issue postage stamps in its own name until 1939, when the territory was seized by the Third Reich.
Poland also established a post office in the port city of Danzig, and they issued their own postage stamps from 1925 through 1938.
Links to page articles concerning Danzig history and postal issues will eventually appear in the Danzig Links sections at the top of the column at the right.